Durga Pooja is a Hindu festival that commemorates the Mother Goddess and the warrior Goddess Durga's triumph over the monster Mahisasura. The festival depicts feminine power in the Universe as 'Shakti.' It is a holiday of Good triumphing over Evil. Durga Pooja is one of India's most important festivals. In addition to being a Hindu holiday, it is also a time for family and friend reunions, as well as a celebration of cultural values and practises.

While the festivities encourage fasting and devotion for 10 days, the final four days of the festival, Saptami, Ashtami, Navami, and Vijaya-Dashami, are celebrated with considerable zeal and splendour throughout India, particularly in Bengal and abroad.

Durga Pooja ceremonies vary according to location, customs, and beliefs. Things vary to the point that the event is held for five days in one location, seven days in another, and 10 days in all. Joviality begins on the sixth day, 'Shashti,' and concludes on the tenth day, 'VijayaDashmi.'

History of Durga Puja 

Goddess Durga was Himalaya and Menka's daughter. She then changed her name to Sati in order to marry Lord Shiva. It is claimed that the Durga puja event began when Lord Rama worshipped the goddess in order to obtain powers from her to fight Ravana.

Some groups, particularly in Bengal, commemorate the event by adorning a 'pandal' in the surrounding areas. Some individuals even make elaborate preparations to worship the deity at home. On the last day, they also immerse the goddess's statue in the Ganges, a sacred river.

Durga Pooja commemorates the triumph of good over evil, or light over darkness. Another legend associated with this festival holds that the goddess Durga destroyed the demon Mahisasura on this day. All three Lords - Shiva, Brahma, and Vishnu - summoned her to exterminate the monster and preserve the universe from his brutality. The struggle lasted 10 days before Goddess Durga defeated the demon on the tenth day. The tenth day is known as Dussehra or Vijayadashami.

The celebrations begin with Mahalaya, when followers ask Goddess Durga to visit the earth. On this day, they create the eyes on the Goddess's statue during an auspicious rite known as Chokkhu Daan. On Saptami, people execute rituals to raise Goddess Durga's auspicious presence inside the idols after erecting her idol.

These ceremonies are known as 'Pran Pratisthan.' It consists of a miniature banana plant known as a Kola Bou (banana bride), which is bathed in a local river or lake, dressed in a sari, and utilised to transport the Goddess's sacred spirit.

During the festival, believers pray to the Goddess and adore her in a variety of manners. On the eighth day, after the evening aarti ceremony, it is customary to conduct a devotional folk dance in front of the Goddess in order to appease her. This dance is performed while carrying a clay pot filled with burning coconut covering and camphor to the melodic beats of drums.

The ritual is finished on the ninth day with a Maha Aarti. It represents the conclusion of the primary ceremonies and prayers. On the last day of the celebration, Goddess Durga returns to her husband's residence, and the goddess Durga's statues are immersed in the river. The newlyweds

This holiday is celebrated and enjoyed by all people, regardless of caste or financial standing. Durga Pooja is a hugely communal and dramatic event. It is not complete without dance and cultural performances. The celebration also includes a lot of delicious traditional food. The streets of Kolkata are teeming with food booths and businesses where both residents and visitors may indulge in delectable treats like as sweets. To commemorate Durga Pooja, all workplaces, educational institutions, and commercial establishments in West Bengal are closed. Durga Pooja is also celebrated in cities other than Kolkata, such as Patna.Guwahati, Mumbai, Jamshedpur, Bhubaneswar, and more cities are included. Many non-residential Bengali cultural institutes hold Durga Pooja in the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, France, and other countries. As a result, the festival teaches us that virtue always triumphs over evil and that we should always choose the correct route.

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